State-of-the-art techniques and challenges ahead for distributed generation planning and optimization

Andrew Keane, Luis F. Ochoa, Carmen L T Borges, Graham W. Ault, Arturo D. Alarcon-Rodriguez, Robert A F Currie, Fabrizio Pilo, Chris Dent, Gareth P. Harrison

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    It is difficult to estimate how much distributed generation (DG) capacity will be connected to distribution systems in the coming years; however, it is certain that increasing penetration levels require robust tools that help assess the capabilities and requirements of the networks in order to produce the best planning and control strategies. The work of this Task Force is focused on the numerous strategies and methods that have been developed in recent years to address DG integration and planning. This paper contains a critical review of the work in this field. Although there have been numerous publications in this area, widespread implementation of the methods has not taken place. The barriers to implementation of the advanced techniques are outlined, highlighting why network operators have been slow to pick up on the research to date. Furthermore, key challenges ahead which remain to be tackled are also described, many of which have come into clear focus with the current drive towards smarter distribution networks. © 2012 IEEE.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1493-1502
    Number of pages9
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2013


    • AC optimal power flow
    • Active network management
    • Distributed generation
    • Distribution networks
    • Linear programming
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