Stellar Dynamical Modeling - Counting Conserved Quantities

R.J. Long, Shude Mao, Yougang Wang

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Knowing the conserved quantities that a galaxy's stellar orbits conform to is important in helping us understand the stellar distribution and structures within the galaxy. Isolating integrals of motion and resonances are particularly important, non-isolating integrals less so. We compare the behavior and results of two methods for counting the number of conserved quantities, one based on the correlation integral approach and the other a more recent method using machine learning. Both methods use stellar orbit trajectories in phase space as their only input, and we create such trajectories from theoretical spherical, axisymmetric and triaxial model galaxies. The orbits have known isolating integrals and resonances. We find that neither method is fully effective in recovering the numbers of these quantities, nor in determining the number of non-isolating integrals. From a computer performance perspective, we find the correlation integral approach to be faster. Determining the algebraic formulae of (multiple) conserved quantities from the trajectories has not been possible due to the lack of an appropriate symbolic regression capability. Notwithstanding the shortcomings we have noted, it may be that the methods are usable as part of a trajectory analysis tool kit.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalResearch in Astronomy and Astrophysics
Early online date3 Mar 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Mar 2023


  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • methods: numerical


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