Street canyon aerosol pollutant transport measurements

I.D. Longley, M.W. Gallagher, J.R. Dorsey, M. Flynn, K.N. Bower, J.D. Allan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Current understanding of dispersion in street canyons is largely derived from relatively simple dispersion models. Such models are increasingly used in planning and regulation capacities but are based upon a limited understanding of the transport of substances within a real canyon. In recent years, some efforts have been made to numerically model localised flow in idealised canyons (e.g., J. Appl. Meteorol. 38 (1999) 1576-89) and stepped canyons (Assimakopoulos V. Numerical modelling of dispersion of atmospheric pollution in and above urban canopies. PhD thesis, Imperial College, London, 2001) but field studies in real canyons are rare. To further such an understanding, a measurement campaign has been conducted in an asymmetric street canyon with busy one-way traffic in central Manchester in northern England. The eddy correlation method was used to determine fluxes of size-segregated accumulation mode aerosol. Measurements of aerosol at a static location were made concurrently with measurements on a platform lift giving vertical profiles. Size-segregated measurements of ultrafine and coarse particle concentrations were also made simultaneously at various heights. In addition, a small mobile system was used to make measurements of turbulence at various pavement locations within the canyon. From this data, various features of turbulent transport and dispersion in the canyon will be presented. The concentration and the ventilation fluxes of vehicle-related aerosol pollutants from the canyon will be related to controlling factors. The results will also be compared with citywide ventilation data from a separate measurement campaign conducted above the urban canopy. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-336
Number of pages10
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume334-335
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2004

Keywords

  • Dispersion
  • Street canyon
  • Traffic-induced turbulence
  • Urban aerosol

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