Stress and Unemployment: A Comparative Review and Research Model of Female and Male Managers

Sandra L. Fielden, Marilyn J. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents a multifaceted approach to unemployment stress experienced by male and female managers, in the form of a literature review and comparative research model. In order to develop a working model which can be applied to both male and female managers, the paper covers a substantial range of the literature pertaining to the processes and effects of unemployment for managers. Previous studies often provide conflicting data which generally results from differential approaches taken to the study of unemployment. In addition, it is important to note that the majority of studies focus on blue-collar male workers and that the vast majority are based on a male model of work. The proposed model highlights sources of stress, moderators of stress and stress outcomes that may affect unemployed managers, and distinguishes areas in which gender differences are likely to be found. However, these differences are only hypothesized from the current literature and require in-depth research if they are to be fully understood.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-93
Number of pages30
JournalBritish Journal of Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999


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