Structure development in flexible polyurethane foam-layered silicate nanocomposites

Arthur N. Wilkinson, Nurul H. Fithriyah, John L. Stanford, Daniel Suckley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Polyurethane foam nanocomposites were formed via in-situ copolymerisations, in which polyether polyol/water-montmorillonite mixtures were reacted with toluene diisocyanate. The unmodified Na+- montmorillonite (MMT) was swollen In polyol/water using an ultrasound technique resulting in intercalated layers with increased basal spacings of 2.3 ±0.1 nm. Measurements of quasi-adiabatic temperature rise showed higher reaction rates as MMT loading increased from 0 to 10 wt.-%. Forced-adiabatic FTIR spectroscopy was used to determine the kinetics of both the copolymerisation and of the microphase separation between poly(ether-urethane) soft segments and polyurea hard segments. The apparent microphase-separation transition time decreased from 70 ±3 to 42 ±2 s upon addition of ≤10 wt.-% MMT, but at reaction times >100 s there was significant retardation of the development of hydrogen bonding in the urea groups of the hard-segment phase. Copyright © 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)65-72
    Number of pages7
    JournalMacromolecular Symposia
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


    • Clay
    • Foams
    • FT-IR
    • Nanocomposites
    • Phase separation
    • Polyurethanes


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