Subject, Pedagogy and Modality (SPaM): A Framework for Hybrid Education

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper


This publication provides an overview of the Subject, Pedagogy and Modality (SPaM) Framework and acts as a reference point to it’s development and origination. Shaped by over 160 comments from educators worldwide as well as from it’s practical application in UK Higher Education settings it is researched informed as well as being shaped and evaluated through application. The framework has been developed to support the design and implementation of hybrid education.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherNational Teaching Repository
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


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