SuperCLASS -- I. The Super CLuster Assisted Shear Survey: Project overview and Data Release 1

Richard A. Battye, Michael L. Brown, Caitlin M. Casey, Ian Harrison, Neal J. Jackson, Ian Smail, Robert A. Watson, Christopher A. Hales, Sinclaire M. Manning, Chao-Ling Hung, Christopher J. Riseley, Filipe B. Abdalla, Mark Birkinshaw, Constantinos Demetroullas, Scott Chapman, Robert J. Beswick, Tom W. B. Muxlow, Anna Bonaldi, Stefano Camera, Tom HillierScott T. Kay, Aaron Peters, David B. Sanders, Daniel B. Thomas, A. P. Thomson, Ben Tunbridge, Lee Whittaker

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The SuperCLuster Assisted Shear Survey (SuperCLASS) is a legacy programme using the e-MERLIN interferometric array. The aim is to observe the sky at L-band (1.4 GHz) to a r.m.s. of 7 uJy per beam over an area of ~1 square degree centred on the Abell 981 supercluster. The main scientific objectives of the project are: (i) to detect the effects of weak lensing in the radio in preparation for similar measurements with the Square Kilometre Array (SKA); (ii) an extinction free census of star formation and AGN activity out to z~1. In this paper we give an overview of the project including the science goals and multi-wavelength coverage before presenting the first data release. We have analysed around 400 hours of e-MERLIN data allowing us to create a Data Release 1 (DR1) mosaic of ~0.26 square degrees to the full depth. These observations have been supplemented with complementary radio observations from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) and optical/near infra-red observations taken with the Subaru, Canada-France-Hawaii and Spitzer Telescopes. The main data product is a catalogue of 887 sources detected by the VLA, of which 395 are detected by e-MERLIN and 197 of these are resolved. We have investigated the size, flux and spectral index properties of these sources finding them compatible with previous studies. Preliminary photometric redshifts, and an assessment of galaxy shapes measured in the radio data, combined with a radio-optical cross-correlation technique probing cosmic shear in a supercluster environment, are presented in companion papers.
Original languageEnglish
Early online date2 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


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