The current research investigated whether employees' self-construals moderated the effects of supplementary fit and complementary fit on their work-related outcomes (i.e. affective commitment and citizenship behavior). An organisational sample of 317 Chinese employees provided evidence that the relations between supplementary fit and these two work-related outcomes were stronger among employees with a higher interdependent self-construal. Conversely, the relations between complementary fit and work-related outcomes were stronger among employees with a higher independent self-construal. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.