Surface three-dimensional velocity map imaging: A new technique for the study of photodesorption dynamics

Yuanyuan Ji, Sven P K Koehler, Daniel J. Auerbach, Alec M. Wodtke

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The authors describe the application of a combination of velocity map imaging and time-of-flight (TOF) techniques to obtain three-dimensional velocity distributions for surface photodesorption. They have established a systematic alignment procedure to achieve correct and reproducible experimental conditions. It includes four steps: (1) optimization of the velocity map imaging ion optics' voltages to achieve optimum velocity map imaging conditions; (2) alignment of the surface normal with the symmetry axis (ion flight axis) of the ion optics; (3) determination of TOF distance between the surface and the ionizing laser beam; (4) alignment of the position of the ionizing laser beam with respect to the ion optics. They applied this set of alignment procedures and then measured Br (2P 3/2) (Br) and Br (2P 1/2) (Br*) atoms photodesorbing from a single crystal of KBr after exposure to 193 nm light. They analyzed the velocity flux and energy flux distributions for motion normal to the surface. The Br normal energy distribution shows two clearly resolved peaks at approximately 0.017 and 0.39 eV, respectively. The former is slightly faster than expected for thermal desorption at the surface temperature and the latter is hyperthermal. The Br normal energy distribution shows a single broad peak that is likely composed of two hyperthermal components. The capability that surface three-dimensional velocity map imaging provides for measuring state-specific velocity distributions in all three dimensions separately and simultaneously for the products of surface photodesorption or surface reactions holds great promise to contribute to our understanding of these processes. © 2010 American Vacuum Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)807-813
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010


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