Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPSII) is a pediatric lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiencies in the IDS (iduronate-2-sulfatase) gene resulting in accumulation of glycosaminoglycans, multisystem disease, and profound neurodegeneration in severe forms. Although enzyme replacement therapy is available for somatic forms of disease, the inability of native IDS to pass the blood-brain barrier renders it ineffective for the brain. We previously demonstrated the short-term efficacy of a brain-targeted hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy approach to treat MPSII mice using lentiviral IDS fused to the blood-brain-barrier-crossing peptide ApoEII (IDS.ApoEII) in comparison with a lentivirus expressing native IDS and an unmanipulated bone marrow transplant. Here we evaluated the longevity of disease correction for 12-16 months following treatment. We observed sustained IDS enzyme activity in organs of long-term IDS.ApoEII-treated MPSII mice, similar to those analyzed 6 months post-treatment, with continued clearance of storage material in the brain and peripheral organs, maintained correction of astrogliosis, microgliosis, and correction of altered cytokines and chemokines. IDS.ApoEII also significantly reduced retinal atrophy, characteristic of MPSII. Overall, IDS.ApoEII resulted in systemic prevention of the MPSII phenotype, with no observed toxicity following treatment. This provides evidence of the sustained efficacy and safety of this treatment ahead of a recently opened clinical trial.
|Molecular Therapy - Methods & Clinical Development
|Early online date
|20 Oct 2023
|Published - 14 Dec 2023
- hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy
- Hunter disease
- lentiviral vectors