Synthesis and characterisation of Ga- and In-doped CdS by solventless thermolysis of single source precursors

Suliman A. Alderhami, Ruben Ahumada-Lazo, Mark A. Buckingham, David J. Binks, Paul O'Brien, David Collison, David J. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report a facile and low temperature synthesis of Ga- and In-doped CdS nanoparticles from molecular precursors. Diethyldithiocarbamate complexes of Cd(ii), Ga(iii), and In(iii), were synthesised and decomposed in tandem through solventless thermolysis, producing Ga- or In-doped CdS. The resultant M xCd 1−xS 1+0.5x (where M = Ga/In at x values of 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08 and 0.1) particulate powder was analysed by powder X-ray diffraction, which showed that both Ga (through all doping levels) and In (at doping levels <8 mol%) were successfully incorporated into the hexagonal CdS lattice without any impurities. Raman spectroscopy also showed no significant change from CdS. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were used to investigate the morphology and elemental dispersion through the doped CdS materials, showing homogenous incorporation of dopant. The optical and luminescent properties of the doped M xCd 1−xS 1+0.5x materials were examined by UV-Vis absorption and photoluminescence spectroscopies respectively. All materials were found to exhibit excitonic emission, corresponding to band gap energies between 2.7 and 2.9 eV and surface defect induced emission which is more prominent for Ga than for In doping. Additionally, moderate doping slows down charge carrier recombination by increasing the lifetimes of excitonic and surface state emissions, but particularly for the latter process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3072-3084
Number of pages13
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2023


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