Synthesis and characterisation of microcapsules for self-healing dental resin composites

Khaled Abid Althaqafi, Julian Satterthwaite, Abdulrahman AlShabib, Nick Silikas

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Aim: The purpose of this study was to i) synthesise TEGDMA-DHEPT microcapsules in a laboratory setting; ii) characterise the resultant microcapsules for quality measures. Materials & methods: Microcapsules were prepared by in situ polymerization of PUF shells. Microcapsules characterisation include size analysis, optical and SEM microscopy to measure the diameter and analyse the morphology of PUF microcapsules. FT-IR spectrometer evaluated microcapsules and benzyl peroxide catalyst polymerization independently. Result: Average diameter of TEGDMA-DHEPT microcapsules was 120 ± 45 μm (n: 100). SEM imaging of the capsular shell revealed a smooth outer surface with deposits of PUF nanoparticles that facilitate resin matrix retention to the microcapsules upon composite fracture. FT-IR spectra showed that microcapsules crushed with BPO catalyst had degree of conversion reached to 60.3%. Conclusion: TEGDMA-DHEPT microcapsules were synthesised according to the selected parameters. The synthesised microcapsules have a self-healing potential when embedded into dental resin composite as will be demonstrated in our future work. Graphical Abstract: Graphical abstract showing the microcapsule components. The shell contains poly(urea-formaldehyde), and the core consists of TEGDMA-DHEPT healing agents.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number109
JournalBMC Oral Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2024


  • Dental composite
  • Microcapsules
  • Resin composite
  • Self-healing


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