Synthesis of heteroleptic yttrium and dysprosium 1,2,4-tris(trimethylsilyl)cyclopentadienyl complexes

Sophie Corner, Conrad Goodwin, Fabrizio Ortu, Peter Evans, Hongrui Zhang, Gemma Gransbury, George Whitehead, David Mills

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We report the synthesis of heteroleptic dysprosium complexes of the 1,2,4-tris(trimethylsilyl)cyclopentadienyl ligand (Cp′′′ = {C5H2(SiMe3)3-1,2,4}), and diamagnetic yttrium analogues, by salt metathesis protocols from KCp′′′ and molecular lanthanoid halide or borohydride precursors: [{Ln(Cp′′′)2(μ-Cl)2K}2]∞ (1-Ln; Ln = Y, Dy), [Ln(Cp′′′)2(THF)(Cl)] (2-Ln; Ln = Y, Dy), [Y(Cp′′′)2(η3-C3H5)] (3-Y), [Y(Cp′′′)(BH4)2(THF)] (4-Y), [Dy(Cp′′′)(BH4)(μ-BH4)]4 (5-Dy) and [Ln(Cp′′′)2(BH4)] (6-Ln; Ln = Y, Dy); several crystals of [Dy(Cp′′′)2(BH4)(THF)] (7-Dy) formed on one occasion during the isolation of 6-Dy. Efforts to prepare the isolated lanthanoid metallocenium cations [Ln(Cp′′′)2]+ for Y and Dy were not successful by the anion abstraction methods investigated herein; however, several crystals of the contact ion-pair complex [Y(Cp′′′)2{(μ-Ph)2BPh2}] (8-Y) formed from the reaction of 3-Y with [NEt3H][BPh4]. On one occasion during the preparation of 3-Y we isolated several crystals of [Mg(Cpʹʹʹ)(THF)(μ-Cl)]2. Complexes 1-6 and [NEt3H][BPh4] were all structurally authenticated by single crystal XRD and were characterised by IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis, with magnetic susceptibility for dysprosium complexes determined by the Evans method, and yttrium analogues studied by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy; complexes 7-Dy, 8-Y, and [Mg(Cpʹʹʹ)(THF)(μ-Cl)]2 were characterised by single crystal XRD only. The magnetic properties of 5-Dy were probed by SQUID magnetometry and ab initio calculations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAustralian Journal of Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2022


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