Synthesis, spectroscopy and electronic structure of the vinylidene and alkynyl complexes [W(CCHR)(dppe)(η-C7H7)]+ and [W(CCR)(dppe)(η-C7H7)]n+ (n = 0 or 1)

Hannah N. Lancashire, Neil J. Brown, Laura Carthy, David Collison, Emma C. Fitzgerald, Ruth Edge, Madeleine Helliwell, Mark Holden, Paul J. Low, Joseph J W McDouall, Mark W. Whiteley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The first examples of vinylidene complexes of the cycloheptatrienyl tungsten system [W(CCHR)(dppe)(η-C7H7)]+ (dppe = Ph2PCH2CH2PPh2; R = H, 3; Ph, 4; C6H4-4-Me, 5) have been synthesised by reaction of [WBr(dppe)(η-C7H7)], 1, with terminal alkynes HCCR; a one-pot synthesis of 1 from [WBr(CO)2(η-C7H 7)] facilitates its use as a precursor. The X-ray structure of 4[PF6] reveals that the vinylidene ligand substituents lie in the pseudo mirror plane of the W(dppe)(η-C7H7) auxiliary (vertical orientation) with the phenyl group located syn to the cycloheptatrienyl ring. Variable temperature 1H NMR investigations on [W(CCH2)(dppe)(η-C7H7)][PF6], 3, estimate the energy barrier to rotation about the WCα bond as 62.5 ± 2 kJ mol-1; approximately 10 kJ mol-1 greater than for the molybdenum analogue. Deprotonation of 4 and 5 with KOBut yields the alkynyls [W(CCR)(dppe)(η-C7H 7)] (R = Ph, 6; C6H4-4-Me, 7) which undergo a reversible one-electron oxidation at a glassy carbon electrode in CH 2Cl2 with E values approximately 0.12 V negative of Mo analogues. The 17-electron radicals [6]+ and [7]+ have been investigated by spectroelectrochemical IR, UV-visible and EPR methods. The electronic structures of representative vinylidene (3) and alkynyl (6) complexes have been investigated at the B3LYP/Def2-SVP level. In both cases, electronic structure is characterised by a frontier orbital with significant metal d z2character and this dominates the structural and spectroscopic properties of the system. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1267-1278
    Number of pages11
    JournalDalton Transactions
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2011


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