T-Cell Infiltration and Clonality May Identify Distinct Survival Groups in Colorectal Cancer: Development and Validation of a Prognostic Model Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC)

Luca G Campana, Wasat Mansoor, James Hill, Christian Macutkiewicz, Finlay Curran, David Donnelly, Ben Hornung, Peter Charleston, Robert Bristow, Graham M Lord, Sara Valpione

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Predicting the survival outcomes of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) remains challenging. We investigated the prognostic significance of the transcriptome and tumour-infiltrating lymphocyte T-cell receptor (TIL/Tc-TCR) repertoire and analysed TIL/Tc-TCR sequences of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) CRC cohorts. Using a multivariate Cox regression, we tested whether TIL/Tc-TCR repertoire, patient and tumour characteristics (stage, sidedness, total non-synonymous mutations, microsatellite instability (MSI) and transcriptional signatures) correlated with patient overall survival (OS) and designed a prognostic nomogram. A multivariate analysis (C-index = 0.75) showed that only patient age, disease stage, TIL/Tc degree of infiltration and clonality were independent prognostic factors for OS. The cut-offs for patients’ allocation to TIL/Tc abundance subgroups were determined using a strategy of maximally selected rank statistics with the OptimalCutpoints R package. These were “high”, “low” and “very high” (90 th percentile) TIL/Tc infiltration-stratified OS (median not reached, 67 and 44.3 months; p < 0.001); the results were validated in the CPTAC cohort. TIL/Tc clonality was prognostic (median OS in “high” vs. “low” clonality not reached and 67.3 months; p = 0.041) and independent of TIL/Tc infiltration. Whilst tumour sidedness was not prognostic, the “very highly” infiltrated tumours were prevalent among right-sided CRCs (p = 0.039) and showed distinct immunological features, with lower Th1 signature (p = 0.004), higher PD-L1 expression (p < 0.001) and likely enrichment in highly suppressory IL1R1 + Tregs (FoxP3 and IL1R1 overexpression, p < 0.001). TIL/Tc abundance and clonality are independent prognosticators in CRC and, combined with clinical variables, refine risk stratification. We identified a subset of CRCs with “very high” TIL/Tc infiltration, poor prognosis and distinct genetic and immunologic features, which may benefit from alternative therapeutic approaches. These results need validation in prospective patient cohorts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5883
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • T-cell antigen receptor
  • colorectal neoplasms
  • nomograms
  • prognostic factors
  • prognostic model

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Manchester Cancer Research Centre

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'T-Cell Infiltration and Clonality May Identify Distinct Survival Groups in Colorectal Cancer: Development and Validation of a Prognostic Model Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this