Techno-economic analysis of H2 production processes using fluidized bed heat exchangers with steam reforming – Part 1: Oxygen carrier aided combustion

Viktor Stenberg, Vincenzo Spallina, Tobias Mattisson, Magnus Rydén

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Abstract

This work presents the techno-economic assessment for a new process where a fluidized bed heat exchanger (FBHE) is used as heat source for steam reforming in a hydrogen production plant. This suggested process configuration is compared with a reference case representing a conventional steam methane reforming (SMR) large-scale hydrogen production plant. The use of a FBHE as a heat source for the endothermic reforming is an advantage because of the high heat transfer coefficient to the reformer tubes. The suggested process configuration utilizes oxygen carrier particles as bed material and a bubbling fluidized bed reactor with immersed reformer tubes to ensure sufficient heat production for the reforming and improved heat transfer to the reformer tubes compared a conventional plant. The results include a comparison of hydrogen production efficiency and levelized production costs (LCOH) of the two plants where the production efficiency is more than 11% higher and the LCOH is more than 7% lower for the suggested process configuration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6059-6081
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume45
Issue number11
Early online date28 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Fluidized bed heat exchanger
  • Hydrogen
  • Oxygen carrier aided combustion
  • Steam reforming

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