Tendon and ligament imaging

Richard Hodgson, P. J. O'Connor, A. J. Grainger

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    MRI and ultrasound are now widely used for the assessment of tendon and ligament abnormalities. Healthy tendons and ligaments contain high levels of collagen with a structured orientation, which gives rise to their characteristic normal imaging appearances as well as causing particular imaging artefacts. Changes to ligaments and tendons as a result of disease and injury can be demonstrated using both ultrasound and MRI. These have been validated against surgical and histological findings. Novel imaging techniques are being developed that may improve the ability of MRI and ultrasound to assess tendon and ligament disease. © 2012 The British Institute of Radiology.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1157-1172
    Number of pages15
    JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
    Issue number1016
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012


    • Diagnostic Imaging/*methods
    • Humans
    • Ligaments/*anatomy & histology/injuries/ultrasonography
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    • Tendinopathy/diagnosis
    • Tendon Injuries/diagnosis
    • Tendons/*anatomy & histology/ultrasonography


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