Terminal Uranium(V/VI)-Nitride Activation of Carbon Dioxide and Disulfide: Factors Governing Diverse and Well-Defined Cleavage and Redox Reactions

Peter Cleaves, Christos E Kefalidis, Benedict Gardner, Floriana Tuna, Eric Mcinnes, William Lewis, Laurent Maron, Stephen Liddle

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    Abstract

    We report the reactivity of terminal uranium(V/VI)-nitrides with CE2 (E = O, S), where we observe well-defined C=E cleavage followed by zero-, one-, and two-electron redox events. The uranium(V)-nitride [U(TrenTIPS)(N)][K(B15C5)2] [1, TrenTIPS = N(CH2CH2NSiPri 3)3; B15C5 = benzo-15-crown-5] reacts with CO2 to give [U(TrenTIPS)(O)(NCO)][K(B15C5)2] (3), whereas the uranium(VI)-nitride [U(TrenTIPS)(N)] (2) reacts with CO2 to give isolable [U(TrenTIPS)(O)(NCO)]
    (4); complex 4 rapidly decomposes to known [U(TrenTIPS)(O)] (5) with concomitant formation of N2 and CO proposed, with the latter trapped as a vanadocene adduct. In contrast, 1 reacts with CS2 to give [U(TrenTIPS)(κ2-CS3)][K(B15C5)2] (6), 2, and [K(B15C5)2][NCS] (7), whereas 2 reacts with CS2 to give [U(TrenTIPS)(NCS)] (8) and “S”, with the latter trapped as Ph3PS. Calculated reaction profiles reveal outer-sphere reactivity for uranium(V) but inner-sphere mechanisms for uranium(VI); together the experimental and theoretical data reproduce the experimental outcomes and suggest that despite the wide divergence of products the initial activation of CE2 follows mechanistically related pathways, providing insight into the factors of uranium oxidation state,
    chalcogen, and NCE groups that govern the subsequent divergent redox reactions that include common one-electron reactions and a less-common two-electron redox event. This work highlights that caution is warranted utilising CS2 as a reactivity surrogate for CO2.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalChemistry: A European Journal
    Volume23
    Issue number12
    Early online date30 Jan 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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