The application of errorless learning to aphasic disorders: A review of theory and practice

Catherine Tattersall, Joanne K. Fillingham, Catherine Hodgson, Karen Sage, Matthew A. Lambon Ralph

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    Abstract

    Recently, there has been great interest in errorless learning as a new intervention technique. This may be because there are data from both basic neuroscience and clinical application that suggest it is superior to more traditional trial and error methods. In the contemporary literature the most prominent investigations of errorless learning are those designed for rehabilitation of memory impairments. These studies include numerous demonstrations of effective amelioration of word finding difficulties using errorless intervention. The aphasic literature contains no examples of purely errorless learning methods, however, some studies have successfully treated anomia using error reducing techniques. This suggests that errorless learning could be advantageous for treating aphasic disorders, in particular anomia. To explore this idea, we discuss previous research and review two current theories of errorless learning. We provide our own framework for thinking about errorless and errorful learning. In addition, a review of the anomia treatment literature (from 1985 to the present) is presented and conclusions drawn on the methods of treating the word finding difficulties of patients with aphasia.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)337-363
    Number of pages26
    JournalNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
    Volume13
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2003

    Keywords

    • GENERATED PHONEMIC CUES; FACE-NAME ASSOCIATIONS; WORD MATCHING
    • TASKS; MEMORY; REHABILITATION; FACILITATION; RETRIEVAL;
    • THERAPY; ANOMIA; IMPAIRMENTS

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