The Aspergillus fumigatus transcriptional activator CpcA contributes significantly to the virulence of this fungal pathogen

Sven Krappmann, Elaine M. Bignell, Utz Reichard, Tom Rogers, Ken Haynes, Gerhard H. Braus

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    We have cloned and characterized the Aspergillus fumigatus cpcA gene encoding the transcriptional activator of the cross-pathway control system of amino acid biosynthesis. cpcA encodes a functional orthologue of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Gcn4p. The coding sequence of the 2.2 kb transcript is preceded by two short upstream open reading frames, the larger one being well conserved among Aspergilli. Deletion strains in which either the coding sequence or the entire locus are replaced by a bifunctional dominant marker are impaired in their cross-pathway control response upon amino acid starvation, as demonstrated by analyses of selected reporter genes and specific enzymatic activities. In a murine model of pulmonary aspergillosis, cpcAΔ strains display attenuated virulence. Pathogenicity is restored to wild-type levels in strains with reconstitution of the genomic locus. Competitive mixed infection experiments additionally demonstrate that cpcAΔ strains are less able to survive in vivo than their wild-type progenitor. Our data suggest that specific stress conditions are encountered by A. fumigatus within the mammalian host and that the fungal cross-pathway control system plays a significant role in pulmonary aspergillosis.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)785-799
    Number of pages14
    JournalMolecular Microbiology
    Volume52
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2004

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