Quantitative documentation of physical deficits such as muscle strength and endurance/fatigue in the cervical spine may provide objective information, not only helping the diagnostic procedures, but also monitoring rehabilitation progress and documenting permanent impairments. The reliable and valid evaluation of muscle strength and endurance both in clinical and research environments are a difficult task since there are many factors that could affect the assessment procedure and the obtained values. The aim of the second part of this critical review is to identify the factors influencing the assessment of strength and endurance/fatigue of the muscles in the cervical spine. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
- Cervical spine
- Neck pain