The association of different urinary proteins with calcium oxalate hydromorphs. Evidence for non-specific interactions

R. C. Walton, J. P. Kavanagh, B. R. Heywood, P. N. Rao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    It has been proposed that various urinary proteins interact specifically with different calcium oxalate hydromorphs and these interactions have important implications regarding the understanding of the onset and progress of kidney stone disease. Calcium oxalate monohydrate and dihydrate crystals were grown and characterised thoroughly to establish sample purity. These crystals were then incubated in artificial urine samples containing isolated urinary macromolecules. Crystal growth was prevented by saturating the incubation mix with calcium oxalate, and this was confirmed through electron microscopy and calcium measurements of the incubation mix. The surface interactions between the different calcium oxalate hydrates and urinary proteins were investigated by the use of Western blots and immunoassays. The same proteins, notably albumin, Tamm-Horsfall protein, osteopontin and prothrombin fragment 1, associated with both hydrates. There was a trend for more protein to associate with calcium oxalate dihydrate, and greater quantities of different proteins associated with both hydrates when Tamm-Horsfall protein was removed from the incubation mix. There is no evidence from this study to indicate that particular proteins interact with specific calcium oxalate hydrates, which in turn suggests that these protein-mineral interactions are likely to be mediated through non-specific charge interactions. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)175-183
    Number of pages8
    JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
    Issue number1-3
    Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2005


    • Biomineralisation
    • Calcium oxalate
    • Crystal matrix
    • Protein matrix
    • Urolithiasis


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