The behavioral consequences of exposure to antiepileptic drugs in utero

Jill Clayton-Smith, J. Vinten, R. L. Bromley, J. Taylor, N. Adab, U. Kini, G. A. Baker

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The aim of the study was to examine the behavior of 242 children, aged between 6 and 16 years, born to mothers with epilepsy. Exposure to sodium valproate (VPA) in utero was associated with high levels of parental stress induced by the child's maladaptive behavior. These children were also poorer for daily living skills and skills relating to socialization. The outcomes on both measures were strongly affected by the Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) of the child; however, no significant differences were found between the groups and therefore this pattern of results cannot simply be attributed to a lower FSIQ. The results of this study suggest that exposure to VPA in utero and the presence of a lowered FSIQ are risk factors for the development of poorer adaptive behavior and a higher rate of maladaptive behaviors. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)197-201
    Number of pages4
    JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009


    • Antiepileptic drugs
    • Behavior
    • Exposure
    • In utero
    • Neurodevelopment
    • Psychological


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