The Central Star Candidate of the Planetary Nebula Sh2-71: Photometric and Spectroscopic Variability

T. Moˇcnik, M. Lloyd, D. Pollacco, R. A. Street

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    We present the analysis of several newly obtained and archived photometric and spectroscopic datasets of the intriguing and yet poorly understood 13.5-mag central star candidate of the bipolar planetary nebula Sh2-71. Photometric observations con- firmed the previously determined quasi-sinusoidal lightcurve with a period of 68 days and also indicated periodic sharp brightness dips, possibly eclipses, with a period of 17.2 days. In addition, the comparison between U and V lightcurves revealed that the 68-day brightness variations are accompanied by a variable reddening effect of ∆E(U − V ) = 0.38. Spectroscopic datasets demonstrated pronounced variations in spectral profiles of Balmer, helium and singly ionised metal lines and indicated that these variations occur on a time-scale of a few days. The most accurate verification to date revealed that spectral variability is not correlated with the 68-day brightness vari- ations. The mean radial velocity of the observed star was measured to be ∼26 km s -1 with an amplitude of ±40 km s -1 . The spectral type was determined to be B8V through spectral comparison with synthetic and standard spectra. The newly proposed model for the central star candidate is a Be binary with a misaligned precessing disc.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalRoyal Astronomical Society. Monthly Notices
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


    • planetary nebula: individual: Sh2-71 – stars: variables: general – stars: emission-line, Be – binaries: close


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