The Characteristics of Novel Bimodal Ag-TiO2 Nanoparticles Generated by Hybrid Laser-Ultrasonic Technique

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Silver–titania (Ag–TiO2) nanoparticles with smaller Ag nanoparticles attached to larger TiO2 nanoparticles were generated by hybrid ultrasonic vibration and picosecond laser ablation of Ag and Ti bulk targets in deionised water, for the first time. The laser has a wavelength of 1064 nm and a pulse duration of 10 ps. It was observed that without the ultrasonic vibration, Ag and TiO2 nanoparticles did not combine, thus the role of ultrasonic vibration is essential. In addition, colloidal TiO2 and Ag nanoparticles were generated separately for comparison under the same laser beam characteristics and process conditions. The absorption spectra of colloidal Ag–TiO2 cluster nanoparticles were examined by UV–Vis spectroscopy, and size distribution was characterised using transmission electron microscopy. The morphology and composition of Ag–TiO2 nanoparticles were examined using scanning transmission electron microscopy in high-angle annular dark field, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The crystalline structures were investigated by X-ray diffraction. The size of larger TiO2 particles was in the range 30–150 nm, and the smaller-sized Ag nanoparticles attached to the TiO2 was mainly in the range of 10–15 nm. The yield is more than 50 % with the remaining nanoparticles in the form of uncombined Ag and TiO2. The nanoparticles generated had strong antibacterial effects as tested against E. coli. A discussion is given on the role of ultrasonic vibration in the formation of Ag–TiO2 hybrid nanoparticles by picosecond laser ablation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Physics A
Issue number275
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

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  • Manchester Institute for Collaborative Research on Ageing


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