The clustering of barred galaxies in the local Universe

Cheng Li, Dimitri A. Gadotti, Shude Mao, Guinevere Kauffmann

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    Abstract

    We study the clustering properties of barred galaxies using data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We compute projected redshift-space two-point cross-correlation functions w p(r p) for a sample of nearly 1000 galaxies for which we have performed detailed structural decompositions using the methods described in Gadotti. The sample includes 286 barred galaxies. The clustering of barred and unbarred galaxies of similar stellar mass is indistinguishable over all the scales probed (∼20 kpc-30 Mpc). This result also holds even if the sample is restricted to bars with bluer g - i colours (and hence younger ages). Our result also does not change if we split our sample of barred galaxies according to bar-to-total luminosity ratio, bar boxyness, effective surface brightness, length or the shape of the surface density profile within the bar. There is a hint that red, elliptical bars are more strongly clustered than red and less elliptical bars, on scales ≳1 Mpc, although the statistical significance is not high. We conclude that there is no significant evidence that bars are a product of mergers or interactions. We tentatively interpret the stronger clustering of the more elliptical bars as evidence that they are located in older galaxies, which reside in more massive haloes. © 2009 RAS.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)726-732
    Number of pages6
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume397
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

    Keywords

    • Cosmology: theory
    • Dark matter
    • Galaxies: distances and redshifts
    • Large-scale structure of Universe

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