The comparative politics of communist Euroscepticism in France, Italy and Spain

Giacomo Benedetto, Lucia Quaglia

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In this work, we compare the Euroscepticism of three West European parties from the same party family: the Communists. We address the questions of how the parties of France, Italy and Spain have adapted to the process of European integration and also the factors that have affected their different responses over time. The French and Italian parties have moved away from Euroscepticism to softer or even pro-integration approaches, whereas the Spanish Communists (PCE) have never been Eurosceptic. Party response to Europe is affected by international, national and party-specific factors, which have different degrees of explanatory power. During the early decades of European integration, international factors, first and foremost the relationship with Moscow, contributed to the Euroscepticism of Western Communists. Nevertheless, as with other party families and types, the Communists have responded to vote- and coalition-seeking opportunities. Copyright © 2007 Sage Publications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-499
Number of pages21
JournalParty Politics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007


  • Communist parties
  • Europeanization
  • Euroscepticism
  • France
  • Italy
  • Spain


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