The Cosmic Background Imager 2

Angela C. Taylor, Michael E. Jones, James R. Allison, Emmanouil Angelakis, J. Richard Bond, Leonardo Bronfman, Ricardo Bustos, Richard J. Davis, Clive Dickinson, Jamie Leech, Brian S. Mason, Steven T. Myers, Timothy J. Pearson, Anthony C S Readhead, Rodrigo Reeves, Martin C. Shepherd, Jonathan L. Sievers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We describe an upgrade to the Cosmic Background Imager instrument to increase its surface brightness sensitivity at small angular scales. The upgrade consisted of replacing the 13 0.9-m antennas with 1.4-m antennas incorporating a novel combination of design features, which provided excellent sidelobe and spillover performance for low manufacturing cost. Off-the-shelf spun primaries were used, and the secondary mirrors were oversized and shaped relative to a standard Cassegrain in order to provide an optimum compromise between aperture efficiency and low spillover lobes. Low-order distortions in the primary mirrors were compensated for by custom machining of the secondary mirrors. The secondaries were supported on a transparent dielectric foam cone to minimize scattering. The antennas were tested in the complete instrument, and the beam shape and spillover noise contributions were as expected. We demonstrate the performance of the telescope and the intercalibration with the previous system using observations of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect in the cluster Abell 1689. The enhanced instrument has been used to study the cosmic microwave background, the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect and diffuse Galactic emission. © 2011 The Authors. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2011 RAS.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2720-2729
    Number of pages9
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011


    • Cosmic background radiation
    • Instrumentation: interferometers
    • Methods: data analysis
    • X-rays: galaxies: clusters


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