The current and emerging renewable energy technologies for power generation in Nigeria: a review

Chukwuma Ogbonnaya, Chamil Abeykoon, Usman Damo, Ali Turan

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Abstract

Nigeria is the most populous country and the largest economy in the African continent; but its power sector is currently underdeveloped. Remarkably, its economic and energy security depend on dwindling fossil fuel reserves. Yet, the Nigerian landscape experiences an average daily solar intensity of 20.1 MJ/m2/day; and the wind speed across the states ranges from 1.5 to 4.1 ms-1; with potential for harnessing energy from biomass, geothermal and water. With a projected population of 300 million by 2050, the current 7,566.2 MW electricity generation capacity would continue to impede socio-economic development of the nation. Presently, few studies have reported on the suitable renewable energy technologies (RETs) for Nigeria. This study, therefore, updates the current and emerging RETs for harnessing the abundant renewable energy resources in Nigeria. Furthermore, a critical discussion is made on the application of RETs in achieving sustainable development in the imminent hydrogen economy. Eventually, some recommendations are made; and, it can be stated that the RETs, particularly distributed hybrid/integrated power systems, should be promoted in Nigeria based on the availability of diverse renewable sources. Undoubtedly, it is timely for the Nigerian government to investigate the possible applications of the RETs to improve the nation’s power generation capacity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThermal Science and Engineering Progress
Early online date10 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Renewable Energy
  • Power Generation
  • Distributed generation
  • Fuel Cell
  • Hydrogen Economy
  • Nigeria

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