The Democratic Participation of Ethnic Minority and Immigrant Voters in the UK

Maria Sobolewska, Andrew Barclay

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


Aims of the report
• Understand the electoral participation behaviour of voters from different ethnicities and nationalities less likely to vote, including both steps of the process: electoral registration and turning out to vote.
• Understand the obstacles to registering and voting.
• Map what is known about factors which facilitate registration and voting, as well as those which mitigate participation gaps for different groups with the view of making practical recommendations.
• Recognise and highlight research gaps.
This report consists of two parts: the first one is an analysis of existing research, and the second is based on a bespoke online survey of ethnic minority Britons, fielded in January 2021 by Number Cruncher Politics.
We conclude with recommendations, grouped into three categories – recommendations aimed at statutory bodies responsible for democratic participation, recommendations that might be useful for campaigners and organisations working to increase participation, and recommendations for researchers and research organisations working in this area.
Original languageEnglish
Commissioning bodyJoseph Rowntree Reform Trust
Number of pages113
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • political participation
  • electoral registration
  • ethnic minorities
  • democratic participation


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