The fatigue overload behaviour of coarse grain (~30 μm) and nanocrystalline (~30 nm) Ni is investigated under constant amplitude loading at R = 0.1 after a 100% overload. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction is applied to map the elastic crack-tip strain fields at the mid-thickness of a compact tension specimen of nanocrytalline Ni at various stages through the loading cycles, from which the variation in stress before, during and after overload is estimated. Digital image correlation is used to measure the crack length and the displacement fields at the specimen surfaces for both grain sizes, from which the fatigue crack growth (FCG) rate, crack opening displacement and stress intensity factor range are determined. The FCG for coarse grain Ni is most significantly retarded whereas the nanocrystalline Ni is least affected by the overload due to an increased yield stress and more planar crack surface morphology. As a result, FCG retardation by plasticity, surface roughness and residual stress-induced crack closure are reduced.
- retardation mechanisms
- energy dispersive X-ray diffraction
- crack path
Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms
- Advanced materials