The effects of laser-induced modification of surface roughness of Al2O3-based ceramics on fluid contact angle

D. Triantafyllidis, Lin Li, F. H. Stott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Laser surface treatment of Al2O3-based refractory ceramics, by melting and re-solidification, can be successfully applied to producing surfaces that are pore-free, homogeneous and crack-free. Such treated surfaces can lead to an increase in the corrosion and erosion resistances of the materials, due to lower permeability to corrosive species and higher surface hardness, respectively. Furthermore, the corrosion resistance can be influenced by the wetting characteristics of the treated surfaces in service environment. Therefore, it is important to investigate the effect of laser treatment of ceramic materials on the interaction of the surface with the various environmental elements. This work is concerned with an experimental investigation of the effects of laser surface treatment, by melting and re-solidification, on the fluid contact angles of Al2 O3-based refractory ceramics. These effects are examined by the modification of the surface roughness characteristics induced by laser treatment. Laser-treated surfaces, both containing cracks and crack-free, are compared with untreated surfaces and the results are reported. The untreated surfaces demonstrated considerable non-uniformity in wetting, in contrast to the treated surfaces. The extent of wetting of the laser-treated surfaces containing cracks was proportional to laser power density. This is due to wetting being enhanced, among other factors, by surface roughness, which increased with power density. The crack-free surfaces were the most smooth and, thereby, exhibited the smallest extent of wettability variations. The reduction in wettability after the laser treatment (crack-free) may have an advantage for corrosion resistance. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume390
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2005

Keywords

  • Ceramics
  • Contact angle
  • Laser
  • Roughness
  • Wetting

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