The First Millennium Development Goal, agriculture and climate change

Martin Prowse, Tim Braunholtz-Speight

Research output: Other contributionpeer-review


Do the physical impacts of climate
change affect the prospects for achieving the first target of the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs), to halve
world poverty? With the official mid-point of the
MDGs on 7 July 2007, this is an important question to consider as we assess challenges to meeting these goals, and look beyond them.
At a global level, the latest UN MDG report
argues that the proportion of people living in
extreme poverty has fallen, from 28% in 1990
to 19% in 2002, using the $1-a-day poverty line.
However, this progress has been highly uneven.
Structural change in East and South Asia has
driven the reduction in global poverty incidence,
but in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) there was no
progress in the 1990s, and it is too early to say
whether tentative declines in poverty since 2000
are a new trend. Despite rising urbanisation, over
60% of people in SSA are reliant on agriculture
for their income. The potential impacts of climate
change pose two key questions for current agriculture-led strategies to reduce poverty.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Global Development Institute


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