Global Oximetry (GO) is an initiative launched recently in Uganda, India, the Philippines and Vietnam. The overall aims are to promote oximetry utilisation and reduce oximetry costs in lower income countries. Research objectives include studying the feasibility of cost reduction; overcoming non-cost barriers to global oximetry including issues of prioritisation; education and guidelines; servicing and access to parts. Promotional objectives include creating new policy, influencing oximetry design, and setting new global standards for safer monitoring. © 2007 The Authors.