The imaginary of socialist citizenship in Mozambique: the School of Friendship as an affective community

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Postmenopausal lichen planopilaris (PLPP), also known as fibrosing frontotemporal alopecia Kossard (FFAK), is a not uncommon inflammatory scalp disease affecting approximately 5% of patients at specialized hair centers. The overall incidence of sporadic occurrence is believed to be just under 1% in the older, predominantly female, general population. Since the disease is often undiagnosed, it is statistically likely to be underrepresented. It especially occurs in postmenopausal women who are in the 6th and 7th decade of life (90%), but also in about 10% of premenopausal women, and in men it is documented only in isolated cases. The result is a permanent scarring hair loss accentuated at the front hairline with backward movement towards the neck mostly accompanied by a typical loss of the eyebrows. The disease therefore often leads to significant mental distress and social anxiety in those affected. This is the basis for a compelling need to develop evidence-based therapeutic concepts. While numerous retrospective case series have characterized the phenomenology of FFAK very well, to date there are no randomized controlled trials on evidence-based therapy. Here, we present the Homburger Evidence-Oriented Therapy Algorithm, which is oriented along the available case series evidence: It may (1) serve as a therapy guide for practice and (2) can be used as a basis for working out reliable data based on study evidence. The article contains detailed practical information on photo documentation, biopsy and histological processing up to the practical implementation of, for example, intralesional steroid therapy as well as information on selection criteria for suitable systemic therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-142
Number of pages9
JournalTwentieth Century Communism
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2018


  • Finasteride
  • Janus-kinase inhibitors
  • Kossard
  • Lichenoid folliculitis
  • Nanopaticle

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Global Development Institute


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