The immunoglobulin E-and calcium-dependent release of histamine and eicosanoids from human dispersed mastocytosis spleen cells

Clive Robinson, R. Christopher Benyon, Raymond M. Agius, David B. Jones, Dennis H. Wright, Stephen T. Holgate

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The clinical features of systemic mastocytosis have been ascribed to mast cell-dependent mediators, but there have been no studies of their release from isolated cells. We have investigated the release of histamine and eicosanoids from isolated spleen cells obtained from tissue of a mastocytosis patient undergoing therapeutic splenectomy. Dispersed cell preparations contained lymphocytes 65.9%, monocytes/ macrophages 22.3%, neutrophils 9.9%, mast cells 1.1%, and eosinophils 0.8%; upon challenge with 0.1-3.0 μM A23187 they released histamine ≫ PGD2 > TXB2 > LTB4 > LTC4 ≈ LTD4 > LTE4. With immunological activation of passively sensitized cells, histamine and PGD2 release had similar dose-response characteristics, but TXB2, LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4 release differed in reaching maximum at 50 μg/ml and declining at 125 μg/ml anti-human IgE. Percoll centrifugation separated most of the histamine-containing cells to the middle of the gradient, but they were refractory to release with 0.3 μM A23187 or 50 μg/ml anti-IgE. Spontaneous release of histamine from these cells was not abnormally high (1.3%-4.5%). Electron microscopy of tissue sections revealed large numbers of mast cells with empty granules. It is possible that the refractory cells observed are such mast cells where intracellular histamine is no longer granule-associated. Most net histamine and PGD2 release was confined to cells at the bottom of the gradients (1.078-1.09 g/ml), although some release of PGD2 occurred near the top (1.05-1.058 g/ml). There was a significant correlation between the net release of histamine and PGD2 with both immunological (r = 0.92; n = 16) and A23187 (r = 0.97, n = 14) activation. These studies provide evidence for a link between PGD2 and histamine release in mastocytosis spleen cells. © 1988.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)359-365
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 1988


    • albumin-free Tyrodes buffer containing gelatin and deoxyribonuclease
    • ctadecylsilane
    • HEPES
    • HETE
    • high-performance liquid chromatography
    • HPLC
    • hydroxyeicosatetrenoic acid
    • leukotriene
    • LT
    • N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N′-2-ethanesulphonic acid
    • ODS
    • PG
    • prostaglandin
    • r-TLC
    • radioimmunoassay
    • RIA
    • TBS
    • TGD
    • TGD-
    • thin-layer chromatography
    • thin-layer radiochromatography
    • TLC
    • Tris buffered saline
    • Tyrodes buffer containing 0.1% gelatin and 0.02 mg/ml deoxyribonuclease with human albumin


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