This article addresses solutions for contractual hazards in the formation and operation of collaborations with start-ups. We suggest that venture capitalists may serve as a mechanism to mitigate contractual hazards and act as a substitute for equity sharing in joint ventures. This article is to our knowledge the first to address the impact of venture capital (VC) on governance decisions for start-ups. We analyze 5405 bilateral collaborations from the SDC database for the period 2009-2014, and find that VC-backed firms are less likely to share equity in collaborations.
Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms
- Manchester Institute of Innovation Research