The maximum extent of Pleistocene glaciations in Europe comprised the vast ice sheets of Northern Europe and the Alps to the mountain glaciers of Southern and Eastern Europe. The evidence varies in both scale and time and the glacial landscapes are hugely diverse across the continent from upland to lowlands and even beneath the sea. The nature of the glacial landscapes also varies by nature of the underlying geologies of the different regions as well as the climates past and present of the various parts of Europe from the Arctic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea. Over the Quaternary the glacial conditions have predominated, especially in the last 800,000 years when 100,000-year glacial cycles have dominated. The effects of glaciers on landscapes of Europe have been profound and this is recognised and valued in the geoheritage of many countries. The end of the Last Glacial Cycle saw extensive and rapid deglaciation, the focus of the next book, Volume 2, leaving the landscapes that we see today. The history and legacy of glaciations in Europe provide an important record and inform our understanding of future climate and landscape change.
|Title of host publication||European Glacial Landscapes|
|Subtitle of host publication||Maximum Extent of Glaciations|
|Editors||D. Palacios, P. Hughes, J.M. García-Ruiz, N. Andrés|
|Place of Publication||Amsterdam|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Nov 2021|
- ice sheets