The influence of visual feedback on closed-set word test performance over time

Kevin J. Munro, Mark E. Lutman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Closed-set word tests can be implemented with or without trial-by-trial visual feedback. Feedback is considered to increase subject motivation yet its influence on performance is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare performance on the Four Alternative Auditory Feature (FAAF) test with and without visual feedback over a 24-week period following fitting of a hearing aid. A total of 32 elderly subjects were recruited as new users and fitted monaurally with the same model of linear, programmable hearing aid that provided in excess of 20 dB insertion gain at 2-4 kHz. Half of the subjects were provided with visual feedback. In these subjects, mean performance increased by 5% across the study period. The improvement in performance over time was statistically significant on analysis of variance (p <0.05). Mean performance did not increase in the remaining subjects who were not provided with feedback. If closed-set word tests are to be used with visual feedback to measure changes over time, the potentially confounding effects of practice must be controlled carefully. Alternatively, omitting feedback leads to simpler experimental designs. © 2005 British Society of Audiology, International Society of Audiology, and Nordic Audiological Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)701-705
    Number of pages4
    JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005


    • Feedback
    • Four Alternative Auditory Feature (FAAF) test
    • Knowledge of results
    • Practice effects
    • Procedural learning
    • Speech in noise
    • Speech recognition


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