Peace processes and international order are interdependent: while the latter provides the normative framework for the former, peacemaking tools and their underlying ideology also maintain international order. They indicate its viability and legitimacy partly by meeting local claims as well as though the maintenance of geopolitical balances. In the emerging multipolar order, the international peace architecture (IPA), dominated by the Liberal International Order (LIO), is contested through counter-peace processes. These processes contest the nature of the state, state-society relations, and increasingly international order itself. This paper investigates the tactics and strategies of regional actors and great powers, where they engage in peace and order related activities or interventions. Given the weakness and inconsistency of the IPA and the LIO, such contestation leads to challenges to international order itself, often at the expense of the claims of social movements and civil society networks.
- blockages to peace
- failed peacemaking
- international peace architecture
- multipolar order
Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms
- Global inequalities