The involvement of WT1 in the regulation of GADD45a in response to genotoxic stress

Donna Johnson, Paul W. Hastwell, Richard M. Walmsley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Expression of the human GADD45a gene is increased in TK6 cells exposed to mutagens, clastogens and aneugens. It is known to be regulated through both p53-dependent and p53-independent pathways and WT1 has been implicated in both cases. This article reports an investigation into the effect that mutations in the WT1 and p53 response elements of the gene have on GADD45a expression. This was conducted in both p53 wild-type (TK6) and mutant (WI-L2-NS) human B lymphoblastoid cell lines. Gene expression was monitored using a GADD45a-green fluorescent protein reporter assay. Mutant cell lines were exposed to the mechanistically diverse genotoxins methyl methanesulphonate, cisplatin and mitomycin C (direct acting), hydroxyurea, aphidicolin and 5′fluorouracil (inhibitors of nucleotide/DNA synthesis) and benomyl (aneugen). In all cases, the induction of the reporter was reduced in the mutants compared with wild-type. These results provide experimental evidence for the implied role of WT1 in both p53-dependent and p53-independent pathways of GADD45a regulation and further insight into the mechanism of GADD45a induction by genotoxins. © The Author 2013.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)393-400
    Number of pages7
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013


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