The lateral entorhinal cortex is a hub for local and global dysfunction in early Alzheimer's disease states

Francesca Mandino, Ling Yun Yeow, Renzhe Bi, Lee Sejin, Han Gyu Bae, Seung Hyun Baek, Chun-Yao Lee, Hasan Mohammad, Corey Horien, Chai Lean Teoh, Jasinda H Lee, Mitchell Kp Lai, Sangyong Jung, Yu Fu, Malini Olivo, John Gigg, Joanes Grandjean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Functional network activity alterations are one of the earliest hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD), detected prior to amyloidosis and tauopathy. Better understanding the neuronal underpinnings of such network alterations could offer mechanistic insight into AD progression. Here, we examined a mouse model (3xTgAD mice) recapitulating this early AD stage. We found resting functional connectivity loss within ventral networks, including the entorhinal cortex, aligning with the spatial distribution of tauopathy reported in humans. Unexpectedly, in contrast to decreased connectivity at rest, 3xTgAD mice show enhanced fMRI signal within several projection areas following optogenetic activation of the entorhinal cortex. We corroborate this finding by demonstrating neuronal facilitation within ventral networks and synaptic hyperexcitability in projection targets. 3xTgAD mice, thus, reveal a dichotomic hypo-connected:resting versus hyper-responsive:active phenotype. This strong homotopy between the areas affected supports the translatability of this pathophysiological model to tau-related, early-AD deficits in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article number271678X221082016
JournalJournal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Early online date25 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The lateral entorhinal cortex is a hub for local and global dysfunction in early Alzheimer's disease states'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this