The listening in spatialized noise test: Normative data for children

Sharon Cameron, Harvey Dillon, Philip Newall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Listening in Spatialized Noise test (LISN®) produces a three-dimensional auditory environment under headphones, using only a PC and an audiometer, and was designed to provide an ecologically valid assessment of auditory figure-ground skills in children. The listener is required to indicate the intelligibility level of a story presented at 0° azimuth, in the presence of distracter sentences simultaneously presented at either 0° or ±90° azimuth. Various measures assess the extent to which either spatial, vocal, or spatial and vocal cues combined, increase a listener's ability to comprehend the story, without being affected by differences between participants in variables such as linguistic skills. There was a trend of improved performance with increasing age for 48 normally hearing seven-, eight-, and nine-year-olds, and sixteen adults. Whereas some significant differences were found between adults and children, there were no significant differences in performance between the seven-, eight-, and nine-year-olds on any measure, and no significant gender or practice effects were observed. Future studies on children with suspected auditory processing disorder were considered warranted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-108
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2006


  • Auditory figure-ground discrimination
  • Binaural processing
  • Normative data
  • Maturation
  • Auditory Processing Disorder


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