The mechanism of L-glutamate transport by lactating rat mammary tissue

I. D. Millar, D. T. Calvert, M. A. Lomax, D. B. Shennan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The transport of L-glutamate by lactating rat mammary gland has been examined using both tissue explants and a perfused mammary preparation. L-Glutamate uptake by mammary tissue explants was predominantly via a Na+-dependent pathway: Li+, choline+ NMDG+ could not substitute for Na+. L-Glutamate efflux from preloaded explants was also influenced by the transmembrane Na+-gradient. These results are consistent with (Na+-glutamate) cotransport. The Na+-dependent system for L-glutamate transport in tissue explants was saturable (K(m) = 112.5 ± 19.7 μM; V(max) = 71.3 ± 10.4 nmol/min per g cells) and selective for anionic alnino acids. Thus, D- and L-aspartate were high affinity inhibitors of L-glutamate uptake whereas neutral amino acids were relatively ineffective, D-Aspartate inhibited L-glutamate uptake in a competitive fashion. L-Glutamate uptake by the perfused mammary gland was (a) Na+-dependent (b) saturable (K(m) = 18.1 ± 4.9 μM; V(max) = 40.3 ± 3.7 nmol/min per g tissue) and (c) selective for anionic amino acids. The results suggest that the (Na+-glutamate) cotransporter is situated in the blood-facing aspect of the mammary epithelium.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)200-206
    Number of pages6
    JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 1996


    • Glutamate transport
    • Lactation
    • Mammary gland


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