The Microstructural Evolution of CM247LC Manufactured Through Laser Powder Bed Fusion

J. F. S. Markanday, K. A. Christofidou, J. R. Miller, E. R. Livera, N. G. Jones, E. J. Pickering, W. Li, Y. Pardhi, C. N. Jones, H. J. Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Numerous challenges persist with the additive manufacturing of high γ′ containing Ni-based superalloys such as CM247LC. Currently, significant cracking occurs during deposition of CM247LC components using laser powder bed fusion and during post-processing. Whilst post-deposition procedures seek to eliminate or minimise cracks, current procedures do not produce a microstructure suitable for service. This study systematically investigates the microstructural evolution of CM247LC manufactured using laser powder bed fusion following multiple post processing treatments. Phase and textural changes after each processing step were consistent with previous studies, although an additional Hf-rich and Cr-depleted segregation zone was identified along intercellular boundaries in the as-deposited condition, believed to be associated with the cracking propensity. Compositional modification of CM247LC including removal of Hf, reduction of C and addition of Nb eliminated the segregation zone but these changes were associated with an increased susceptibility to solidification and liquation cracking.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A
Early online date10 Jan 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Jan 2023


  • nickel
  • superalloys
  • additive manufacturing
  • alloy modification
  • laser powder bed fusion
  • cracking
  • Other


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