The multiple benefits of the 2030 EU energy efficiency potential

Johannes Thema, Felix Suerkemper, Johan Couder, Nora Mzavanadze, Souran Chatterjee, Jens Teubler, Stefan Thomas, Diana Ürge-Vorsatz, Martin Bo Hansen, Stefan Bouzarovski, Jana Rasch, Sabine Wilke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The implementation of energy efficiency improvement actions not only yields energy and greenhouse gas emission savings, but also leads to other multiple impacts such as air pollution reductions and subsequent health and eco-system effects, resource impacts, economic effects on labour markets, aggregate demand and energy prices or on energy security. While many of these impacts have been studied in previous research, this work quantifies them in one consistent framework based on a common underlying bottom-up funded energy efficiency scenario across the EU. These scenario data are used to quantify multiple impacts by energy efficiency improvement action and for all EU28 member states using existing approaches and partially further developing methodologies. Where possible, impacts are integrated into cost-benefit analyses. We find that with a conservative estimate, multiple impacts sum up to a size of at least 50% of energy cost savings, with substantial impacts coming from e.g., air pollution, energy poverty reduction and economic impacts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2798
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2019


  • Air pollutants
  • Cost-benefit analysis
  • Energy efficiency
  • Energy security
  • Fuel poverty
  • Impact assessment
  • Macro-economy
  • Multiple benefits
  • Resources


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