The NR1 N-methyl-D-aspartate subunit and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in temporal lobe epilepsy hippocampus: A comparison of patients with and without coexisting psychiatric symptoms

Carla Tatiana Toro, Jaime E. Hallak, Jason S. Dunham, João P. Leite, Américo C. Sakamoto, Ricardo Guarnieri, Vivian Fong, John F W Deakin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Purpose: The glutamate N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor and the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor have been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and depression. Since these psychiatric disorders are common in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), a comparison of TLE patients with and without coexisting psychiatric symptoms may be useful to unravel pathophysiologic mechanisms for psychosis or depression. Methods: We used immunoautoradiography to assess the NR1 NMDA receptor subunit and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in resected TLE hippocampus. Results: No changes relative to comparison controls were found for TLE patients with schizophrenia-like psychosis or depression. Increased NR1 was found in the dentate molecular layer in the dysphoria group and unmedicated depressed patients. Conclusions: An increase in NR1 protein in the dentate molecular layer suggests an upregulation of NMDA receptors in granule cells in TLE patients with dysphoria and depression. This finding is compatible with the theory that increased NMDA receptor function is involved in the pathogenesis of depression and that antidepressants may act by opposing this mechanism. © 2007 International League Against Epilepsy.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2352-2356
    Number of pages4
    JournalEpilepsia
    Volume48
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

    Keywords

    • Dysphoria
    • Hippocampus
    • Major depressive disorder
    • Schizophrenia
    • TLE

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