The Patient Outcomes of Surgery-Hand/Arm (POS-Hand/Arm): A new patient-based outcome measure

S. J. Cano, J. P. Browne, D. L. Lamping, A. H N Roberts, D. A. McGrouther, N. A. Black

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a new patient-based outcome measure for hand/arm disorders for use in audit, clinical trials and effectiveness studies. There were three stages. First, we carried out interviews with 40 patients with hand/arm disorders to develop and pilot questionnaire content. Second, in a postal survey with 165 pre- and 181 post-surgery patients, we reduced the number of items and identified scales. Third, in a postal survey with 132 pre- and 204 post-surgery patients we evaluated the psychometric properties of the measure. Findings confirmed the acceptability, reliability, validity and responsiveness to clinical change of the questionnaire. The Patient Outcomes of Surgery-Hand/Arm (POS-Hand/Arm) is a new surgical outcome measure that can be used before and after surgery (29 and 33 items, respectively) to evaluate and compare new techniques, surgical teams and units. © 2004 The British Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)477-483
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Hand Surgery (European Volume)
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004


    • Arm surgery
    • Hand surgery
    • Outcomes
    • Quality of life
    • Questionnaire
    • Symptoms


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