The peacock train does not handicap cursorial locomotor performance

Nathan Thavarajah, Peter Tickle, Robert Nudds, Jonathan Codd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exaggerated traits, like the peacock train, are recognized as classic examples of sexual selection. The evolution of sexual traits is often considered paradoxical as, although they enhance reproductive success, they are widely presumed to hinder movement and survival. Many exaggerated traits represent an additional mechanical load that must be carried by the animal and therefore may influence the metabolic cost of locomotion and constrain locomotor performance. Here we conducted respirometry experiments on peacocks and demonstrate that the exaggerated sexually selected train does not compromise locomotor performance in terms of the metabolic cost of locomotion and its kinematics. Indeed, peacocks with trains had a lower absolute and mass specific metabolic cost of locomotion. Our findings suggest that adaptations that mitigate any costs associated with exaggerated morphology are central in the evolution of sexually selected traits.
Original languageEnglish
Article number36512
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
Early online date2 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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