The POLARBEAR-2 and Simons Array Focal Plane Fabrication Status

B. Westbrook, P. A. R. Ade, M. Aguilar, Y. Akiba, K. Arnold, C. Baccigalupi, D. Barron, D. Beck, S. Beckman, A. N. Bender, F. Bianchini, D. Boettger, J. Borrill, S. Chapman, Y. Chinone, G. Coppi, K. Crowley, A. Cukierman, T. de Haan, R. DunnerM. Dobbs, T. Elleflot, J. Errard, G. Fabbian, S. M. Feeney, C. Feng, G. Fuller, N. Galitzki, A. Gilbert, N. Goeckner-Wald, J. Groh, N. W. Halverson, T. Hamada, M. Hasegawa, M. Hazumi, C. A. Hill, W. Holzapfel, L. Howe, Y. Inoue, G. Jaehnig, A. Jaffe, O. Jeong, D. Kaneko, N. Katayama, B. Keating, R. Keskitalo, T. Kisner, N. Krachmalnicoff, A. Kusaka, M. Le Jeune, A. T. Lee, D. Leon, E. Linder, L. Lowry, A. Madurowicz, D. Mak, F. Matsuda, A. May, N. J. Miller, Y. Minami, J. Montgomery, M. Navaroli, H. Nishino, J. Peloton, A. Pham, L. Piccirillo, D. Plambeck, D. Poletti, G. Puglisi, C. Raum, G. Rebeiz, C. L. Reichardt, P. L. Richards, H. Roberts, C. Ross, K. M. Rotermund, Y. Segawa, B. Sherwin, M. Silva-Feaver, P. Siritanasak, R. Stompor, A. Suzuki, O. Tajima, S. Takakura, S. Takatori, D. Tanabe, R. Tat, G. P. Teply, A. Tikhomirov, T. Tomaru, C. Tsai, N. Whitehorn, A. Zahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present on the status of POLARBEAR-2 A (PB2-A) focal plane fabrication. The PB2-A is the first of three telescopes in the Simons Array, which is an array of three cosmic microwave background polarization-sensitive telescopes located at the POLARBEAR site in Northern Chile. As the successor to the PB experiment, each telescope and receiver combination is named as PB2-A, PB2-B, and PB2-C. PB2-A and -B will have nearly identical receivers operating at 90 and 150 GHz while PB2-C will house a receiver operating at 220 and 270 GHz. Each receiver contains a focal plane consisting of seven close-hex packed lenslet-coupled sinuous antenna transition edge sensor bolometer arrays. Each array contains 271 dichroic optical pixels, each of which has four TES bolometers for a total of 7588 detectors per receiver. We have produced a set of two types of candidate arrays for PB2-A. The first we call Version 11 (V11) uses a silicon oxide (SiOx) for the transmission lines and crossover process for orthogonal polarizations. The second we call Version 13 (V13) uses silicon nitride (SiNx) for the transmission lines and cross-under process for orthogonal polarizations. We have produced enough of each type of array to fully populate the focal plane of the PB2-A receiver. The average wirebond yield for V11 and V13 arrays is 93.2% and 95.6%, respectively. The V11 arrays had a superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of 452±15 mK, a normal resistance (Rn) of 1.25±0.20 Ω, and saturation powers of 5.2±1.0 pW and 13±1.2 pW for the 90 and 150 GHz bands, respectively. The V13 arrays had a superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of 456±6 mK, a normal resistance (Rn) of 1.1±0.2 Ω, and saturation powers of 10.8±1.8 pW and 22.9±2.6 pW for the 90 and 150 GHz bands, respectively. Production and characterization of arrays for PB2-B are ongoing and are expected to be completed by the summer of 2018. We have fabricated the first three candidate arrays for PB2-C but do not have any characterization results to present at this time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)758-770
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number5-6
Early online date7 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


  • CMB
  • Fabrication
  • Instrumentation
  • Detectors
  • Transition edge sensor
  • Sinuous antenna
  • Polarization
  • Inflation


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